The Jockey Club today reported that 2,103 stallions covered 37,244 mares in North America during 2014, according to statistics compiled through Sept. 14, 2015. These breedings have resulted in 22,104 live foals of 2015 being reported to The Jockey Club on Live Foal Reports.

The Jockey Club estimates that the number of live foals reported so far is approximately 90 percent complete. The reporting of live foals of 2015 is up 1.9 percent from last year at this time when The Jockey Club had received reports for 21,697 live foals of 2014.

In addition to the 22,104 live foals of 2015 reported through Sept. 14, The Jockey Club had also received 2,598 No Foal Reports for the 2015 foaling season. Ultimately, the 2015 registered foal crop is projected to reach 22,000.

The number of stallions declined 5.7 percent from the 2,230 reported for 2013 at this time last year, while the number of mares bred increased 1.6 percent from the 36,656 reported for 2013.

The 2014 breeding statistics are available alphabetically by stallion name through the ResourcesFact Book link on The Jockey Club homepage at

“The breeding statistics are the number of live foals by conception area, regardless of where the foals were born,” said Matt Iuliano, executive vice president and executive director, The Jockey Club. “The statistics do not represent live foals actually born in each state or province, and they do not represent the fertility record of any stallion.”

Kentucky annually leads all states and provinces in terms of Thoroughbred breeding activity. Kentucky-based stallions accounted for 45.9 percent of the mares reported bred in North America in 2013 and 53.6 percent of the live foals reported for 2014.

The 17,088 mares reported bred to 256 Kentucky stallions in 2014 have produced 11,853 live foals, a 6.9 percent increase on the 11,089 Kentucky-sired live foals of 2014 reported at this time last year. The number of mares reported bred to Kentucky stallions in 2014 increased 7.8 percent compared to the 15,857 reported for 2013 at this time last year.

Among the 10 states and provinces with the most mares covered in 2014, only three produced more live foals in 2015 than in 2014 as reported at this time last year: Kentucky, California, and Florida. The following table shows the 10 states and provinces, ranked by number of state/province-sired live foals of 2015 reported through Sept. 14, 2015.

2014 Mares Bred 2014 Live Foals 2015 Live Foals Percent Change
Kentucky 17,088 11,089 11,853 6.9%
California 2,580 1,629 1,767 8.5%
Florida 3,008 1,585 1,629 2.8%
New York 1,662 1,025 975 -4.9%
Louisiana 1,846 1,037 955 -7.9%
New Mexico 991 531 506 -4.7%
Pennsylvania 890 514 415 -19.3%
Oklahoma 929 455 401 -11.9%
Texas 900 440 369 -16.1%
Ontario 880 454 367 -19.2%

The statistics include 390 progeny of stallions standing in North America but foaled abroad, as reported by foreign stud book authorities at the time of publication. In this category, 124 live foals by North American stallions were reported from Saudi Arabia, 81 from Republic of Korea, 58 from Ireland, 41 from Great Britain, and 21 from Philippines. Remaining countries on the list are Japan, 13; India, 11; Venezuela, 11; Mexico, 9; Russia, 7; Trinidad and Tobago, 6; Brazil, 3; Australia, 2; Germany, 2; Argentina, 1.

The report also includes 149 mares bred to 27 stallions in North America on Southern Hemisphere time; the majority of these mares have not foaled.

The Jockey Club, founded in 1894 and dedicated to the improvement of Thoroughbred breeding and racing, is the breed registry for North American Thoroughbreds. In fulfillment of its mission, The Jockey Club, directly or through subsidiaries, provides support and leadership on a wide range of important industry initiatives, and it serves the information and technology needs of owners, breeders, media, fans and farms. It is a founding member of the National Thoroughbred Racing Association and the International Federation of Horseracing Authorities and the architect and sole funding source for America’s Best Racing, the broad-based fan development initiative for Thoroughbred racing. You can follow America’s Best Racing at as well as on social media platforms Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, Google+, and Instagram.